Almond trees are sweet and bitter. Almonds taste good in recipes or by themselves. Though, you have to process bitter almonds to eliminate the taste due to the poisonous substance. Bitter almonds are grown mostly for commercial usage. Almond trees necessitate the same type of care as peach trees.
Excellent Care for Almond Trees Begin with the Soil
Plant an almond tree in well-draining soil with between three to five inches of topsoil. Mount the soil to get the right depth.
Mix a few inches of compost into the soil before digging. Almond trees grow in many soil types such as clay, sandy, or loamy soils. It is best if the pH is around 6.5. Also, be sure the hole is large enough to accommodate the roots. Lay the roots out in the hole and fill the gap with enough soil to cover the roots. The soil around the trunk should be around an inch higher than the surrounding dirt.
Sunshine and Water
Though almond trees enjoy dry, hot settings, they do require plenty of water to flourish. Almond trees necessitate total sunshine. However, more sun signifies healthier blooms. Whitewash big limbs and the side of the trunk to shield the tree from sunscald.
Abundantly water the tree weekly for 12 months after planting the almond tree. Reduce the amount of watering to every two weeks after one year. Modifying the water amount is necessary, so the roots don’t drown.
Mulch and Fertilizer
Add a couple of mulch layers around the tree to stop the ground from getting overaffected with vegetation. Vegetation surrounding your tree competes with it for vitamins and nutrients. Make sure the mulch isn’t too close to the trunk, or the tree will develop trunk rot.
If planting several almond trees, space them at least 12 to 18 feet apart. Fertilize your trees in autumn and springtime. If you have a small landscape, you could plant two almond trees in the same hole. The trees will develop with interlaced trunks, guaranteeing cross-pollination of the foliage.
To determine the amount of fertilizer, use one cup of fertilizer per year of the tree’s age, with a limit of 10 cups in the spring fertilizer treatment. Use one cup of calcium nitrate for every year of the tree’s age with a limit of four cups when fertilizing the autumn. It’s best to remember not to fertilize in the autumn if no nuts grew in the springtime.
Prune the tree every year during the wintertime when the trees are dormant. Eliminate any dead branches at any point during the year.
Thin out limbs that develop vertically, expand over other limbs, extend inward or don’t have at least a 45-degree crotch angle with the trunk. Also, be sure to get rid of low-hanging limbs. An almond tree grows over 14 feet. Trim back branches to bud or a lateral shoot to sustain the tree size and the canopy shape.
If you want more information on caring for almond trees, call us at Hudson Tree Service.